Wednesday, 27 November 2013

A Novel Surgical Manipulator with Workspace-Conversion Ability for Telesurgery


Robotics is a fascinating discipline that easily engages engineering students. As robots in education are stimulating and motivating, there are good reasons for introducing robotics activities very early in course curricula, allowing students to easily perceive the relationships between undergraduate courses, in their theory and practice. Robotics also offers a good basis for teaching different engineering disciplines. This Paper proposes a design of robot that is used in tele surgery. The telerobotic surgical system enables long distance tele surgery, covering the distance between patients and surgeons in remote regions of the world (e.g., in the Antarctic continent). Marescaux successfully performed transatlantic robot-assisted tele surgery using the Zeus system. The surgeons were in New York and the patient was in Strasbourg, France. Arata conducted Japan–Thailand tele surgery experiments with animals using conventional network infrastructures. Using the concept of tele surgery, the Defense Advanced Research Program Agency explored the possibilities of the unmanned surgical operating room for treating wounded soldiers on the battlefield. The unmanned surgical operating room consists of a da Vinci system, a scrub nurse robot arm, and a tool changer. Surgical procedures in battlefields, disaster hit areas, etc., where doctors cannot reach the patients can be performed through this robot proposed in the paper. These robots increases the distance between the doctors and the patients by enabling control through remote ways. Hence lives can be saved where doctors cannot reach like battlefields, etc.

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