Tuesday, 3 December 2013
Electromyography-Based Locomotion Pattern Recognition and Personal
In recent years, context awareness has become a popular research topic due to the rapid development of mobile computing and advanced network technologies. In computer science, the context awareness refers to a technique that enables the computing devices to sense information about the circumstances under which they are able to operate and react accordingly. In order to interact with human intelligently, context awareness technology embedded in the device aims to design a smart environment to be capable of inferring human’s intentions. Personal positioning has been playing an important role in context awareness and navigation. Pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR) solution is a positioning technology used where the global positioning system (GPS) signal is not available or its signal is mightily attenuated or reﬂected by constructions nearby, such as inside the buildings or in GPS degraded areas such as urban city, basement. A traditional PDR solution employs a multisensor unit (integrating accelerometer, gyroscope, digital compass, barometer, etc.) to detect step occurrences, as well as to estimate the stride length. In our pilot research, we proposed a novel electromyography (EMG)-based method to fulﬁll that task and obtained satisfying PDR results. In this paper, a further attempt is made to investigate the feasibility of using EMG sensors in sensing muscle activities to detect the corresponding locomotion patterns, and as a result, a new approach, which recognizes different locomotion patterns using EMG signals and constructs stride length models according to the recognition results, is then proposed to improve the positioning accuracy and robustness of the EMG-based PDR solution by adapting the stride length model into different locomotion patterns. The experimental results demonstrate that EMG-based pattern recognition of four motions (walking, running, walking upstairs, walking downstairs) achieve an error rate of less than 2%. Combined with locomotion pattern recognition, the proposed EMG-based PDR solution yields a position deviation of less than 5 m within the whole distance of 404 m in a simulated indoor/outdoor ﬁeld test. The proposed method is proven to be effective and practical in sensing context information, including both the user’s activities and locations.